Alopecia, Hair loss – Symptoms, causes and treatment

Alopecia is, without a doubt, one of the problems that most concern men . Hair loss is, in many cases, a difficult process to manage, which can lead to a progressive lack of confidence that ends up damaging our day to day . That is why we must give it the importance it deserves. Aesthetics is, today, a fundamental part of us, and a change as drastic as losing hair, with the consequences that it generates (seem older, have to change your style, etc.) influences us.

Causes that promote alopecia

The most common factor of alopecia is genetics, integrated into the androgenetic alopecia that we will analyze later. However, there are other reasons that can exacerbate the problem and weaken the hair, making it easier to fall later. Here are some of them.

  • Diseases such as thyroid, diabetes or lupus
  • Hormonal changes
  • Poor and poorly balanced diet
  • Stress
  • Anticoagulant or antidepressant medications
  • Use shampoo excessively and use the dryer for a long time

Most characteristic symptoms

At this point, it is necessary to clarify one thing. The hair loss is normal, the hair regenerates , so do not get depressed if combing you find yourself with some hair in the brush. However, there are symptoms that indicate that something may be going wrong.

  • A profuse hair loss . We just commented that hair loss is something routine, but of course, there are limits. And the one that separates tranquility from nervousness is around 100 hairs a day . Obviously, you are not going to count them one by one, but you can get an idea. If when showering, combing or getting out of bed you see how a pile of hair has been separated from you, go to the dermatologist.
  • Discomfort in the scalp . The itching or redness of the area can mean many things, including the beginning of alopecia.
  • Excess of dandruff or fat

Types of alopecia

Alopecia goes much further than losing hair. Alopecia types are diverse, and each one arises differently.

  • Androgenetic alopecia . It begins between 20 and 25 years, and affects more than half of men, in addition to constituting 95% of cases of baldness . Androgens (male hormones) affect the follicles, weakening them until they disappear. Therefore, the greater the number of hormones, the more likely there is to suffer androgenetic alopecia . Other fundamental factors are aging itself or, above all, genetic inheritance. Although we do not know which of our ancestors influences us more (possibly it is a hodgepodge of them all), if we have a legion of bald in our family, there is more risk that you will end up the same, unfortunately.
  • Diffuse alopecia . Surge with the above mentioned causes a few paragraphs above (diseases, bad habits, stress, etc.). In this case, hair loss is more uniform , does not affect a specific area.
  • Alopecia areata . This type of alopecia is difficult to catalog. It appears in many cases of sudden form and entails the loss of hair in specific areas, leaving something like a kind of circles or rounded areas without hair . Those same areas can even become inflamed. Stress, diseases or genetics explain their appearance. Alopecia areata is so unpredictable that hair can come back with the passage of time .
  • Telegenic effluvium . The second most common cause of alopecia after androgenetic is worse than this in the sense in which it develops more directly. The problem arises when the cycle of the hair follicle is altered and damaged by various factors, from medications to hypocaloric diets, which accelerate baldness in just a couple of months . The damage, fortunately, is not usually irreversible.
  • Scarring alopecia . Here there is no turning back. The follicle is destroyed internally when inflamed and a scar tissue is formed on the outside that can only be removed with surgery.


Now, what can we do to stop the fall? The first should be to go to the dermatologist , to be clear to what type of alopecia you face to combat it in the best way possible. Of course, for now there is no miraculous remedy to return that toupee with which you triumphed so long ago. The active ingredients most used today due to their relative success are minoxidil and finasteride . The first is able to stimulate the hair root to prevent its fall, while the second attacks the male hormones, more specifically testosterone, which can cause impotence problems.

If you want to nip in the bud with the problem, and never better said, there is the option of capillary transplant through micrografts , a procedure that is increasingly common among men. Turkey has become the paradise of hair implants , with a price around 2,000 euros (travel not included), a cost that Usa clinics are approaching recently, although still far from the Turkish low cost. Choose the national or international option will have to save a little (or a lot), but the results are, in general, very positive.